Chestnut Trees and Farm at Jas de Bouffan
Chestnut Trees and Farm at Jas de Bouffan, ca. 1886
Oil on canvas
65.4 x 81 cm (25 3/4 x 31 7/8 inches)
Museum Appropriation Fund 33.053
The Cezanne family’s country home outside Aix-enProvence appeared often in the artist’s work. Called Jas de Bouffan (“sheepfold of the winds”), the property consisted of an 18th-century manor house with surrounding gardens and a farm.Just out of sight of this view, beyond the farm buildings at right, loomed another favorite motif: the shimmering Montagne Sainte-Victoire. In 1881 Paul Cezanne built a studio at Jas de Bouffan and for the next eighteen years spent much of his time painting nearby landscapes. This composition features an allee of chestnut trees seen from the garden behind the house. Cezanne massed the trees at left, covering the yellow stucco planes of the house with a blanket of spring foliage. The trees, lawn, and sky are rendered as organized patches of color whose surface rhythms embrace the interlocking geometric shapes of the house, wall, and farm buildings.(October 21, 2016 – June 11, 2017)
Establishing the depth of the foreground in this scene with strong diagonals, Cézanne outlined the columnar trunks of the trees, filling their branches and the lawn below with strokes of close-hued greens that screen the yellow stucco buildings. Distinctive patches of brushstrokes identify his perceptions of hard and soft forms, creating surface rhythms that move the eye in and out of the natural landscape and its geometric structures.
This is the garden of Jas de Bouffan, a house owned by Cézanne’s family near Aix-en-Provence. Cézanne built a studio on the property in 1881, preferring his home region in the south of France to life in Paris.
European Paintings and Sculpture, ca. 1770 - 1937
Edited BySlimmon, Ann H, and Judith A. Singsen, eds.
Contributions byRosenfeld, Daniel, et al
Publisher & DateMuseum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design, 1991
TypeMonographs and CollectionsSelected Works
Edited ByWoolsey, Ann, ed.
Publisher & DateMuseum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design, 2008
TypeMonographs and CollectionsA Handbook of the Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design
Edited ByWoodward, Carla M., and Franklin W. Robinson, eds.
Publisher & DateMuseum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design, 1988
TypeMonographs and CollectionsExchange Exhibition, Exhibition ExchangeFrom the Collection of Rose Art Museum, Brandeis University; From the Collection of The Museum of Art, Rhode
Contributions byMuseum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design.
Publisher & DateMuseum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design. Waltham, MA: Rose Art Museum, Brandesi University., 1967