Field and Mill at Osny
Field and Mill at Osny, 1884
Oil on canvas
54.3 x 65.6 cm (21 3/8 x 25 13/16 inches)
Gift of Mrs. Houghton P. Metcalf in memory of her husband, Houghton P. Metcalf 72.096
In this view of a farmyard near Camille Pissarro’s home outside Paris, the slender thread of a stream curves past an allee of trees and separates a cluster of houses from a pasture where cattle graze. His view of a nearby field and mill is rendered with craftsmanlike technique. He used small, tight brushstrokes to create a web of close hues that reflected nature’s palette, and emphasized the framework of the farm’s various motifs without calling attention to any single part. Often considered the father of the Impressionist movement, Pissarro was also its tireless organizer, drawing together the guidelines that launched the first Impressionist exhibition in 1874 and advocating for younger colleagues. He was also a respected teacher, advising, among others, Paul Cezanne and Paul Gauguin, whose own variants on farm and homestead landscapes may be seen nearby.(October 21, 2016 – June 11, 2017)
Pissarro established the organizational guidelines that launched the first Impressionist exhibition and served as a mentor to younger artists in the 1870s and 1880s. In this painting, he carefully represents a farmyard near his home outside Paris without calling attention to any single element in the scene. The landscape is threaded by a slender stream that curves along a tree-lined path and separates a cluster of buildings from a pasture where cattle graze. Although tilted toward the foreground, the construction of space suggests measurable, perspectival depth. Pissarro’s craftsman-like technique is visible in his small, tight brushstrokes and the subtle variation of greens and browns that respond to nature’s palette.
European Paintings and Sculpture, ca. 1770 - 1937
Edited BySlimmon, Ann H, and Judith A. Singsen, eds.
Contributions byRosenfeld, Daniel, et al
Publisher & DateMuseum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design, 1991
TypeMonographs and Collections